November 21, 2020

Mitochondria

Mitochondria

 are membrane-bound cell organelles (mitochondrion, singular) that generate most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell’s biochemical reactions. Chemical energy produced by the mitochondria is stored in a small molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). 1

Mitochondria are found in all body cells, with the exception of a few. There are usually multiple mitochondria found in one cell, depending upon the function of that type of cell. 2

The mature egg cell, or oocyte, contains the highest number of mitochondria among human cells, ranging from 100,000 to 600,000 mitochondria per cell. 3

  1. https://www.genome.gov/genetics-glossary/Mitochondria
  2. https://www.lhsc.on.ca/medical-genetics-program-of-southwestern-ontario/all-about-mitochondria
  3. https://embryo.asu.edu/pages/mitochondrial-dna-mtdn